The result is a landscape of fear—a psychological topography that exists in the minds of prey, complete with mountains of danger and valleys of safety.Via.
This concept came to attention in the 1990s, when gray wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park after having been exterminated seven decades prior. Ecologists showed that the park’s elk would spend so much time watching out for the re-emergent wolves that they spent less time eating and sired fewer young. They died in numbers way beyond what the wolves were actually killing, and their losses rippled throughout Yellowstone. The trees they ate grew taller, providing more wood for beavers and nesting sites for songbirds. The entire park changed, and all thanks to fear of the big, bad wolf.
3. "NFLPA’s latest win over NFL was a blowout"
Because the CBA contains no provision that would penalize the league for getting caught pulling a fast one (whether it was nefarious or not), there’s no clear incentive for the league to not use fuzzy accounting. If the union catches it, the league pays what it already would have paid. If the union doesn’t catch it, the league gets free money.